Studies have estimated that more than 3 million Americans use anabolic steroids. Many bodybuilders and professional sportsmen take intramuscular injections of anabolic steroids. An estimated 15-30% of all bodybuilders in the US use anabolic steroids for muscle gain. Injected anabolic steroids are divided into those that have long-lasting effects and those that last only for a short time. Nowadays, people are using water soluble, short-lasting anabolic steroids.
The injections and the scar tissues, if any, can lead to a permanent gain in muscle volume, generate an inflammatory process, and finally trigger the hypertrophy and growth of muscle fibers. Synthetic anabolic steroids basically mimic testosterone, which is known for its anabolic properties. Anabolic steroids are not the only kind of injectable steroids. There are anti-inflammatory steroids also. Steriod Injection
Anabolic steroids are usually injected into the desired muscles in cycles and in incremental volumes. Anabolic steroid users will frequently change the injection site and move and massage the muscle, so that the steroid is distributed properly between the muscle fibers. This way, unnatural swelling and bulging are also avoided. These are usually injected into the triceps, biceps, pectoral, deltoids, quadriceps, rectus abdominis, and gastrocnemius muscle.
The advent of intramuscular injections
The first recorded intramuscular injections contained paraffin. Paraffin has inert properties and so it was used as a treatment for muscle spasms. Later, purified oils like sesame oil, soy oil, and safflower oil were used by pharmaceutical companies as solvents for anabolic steroids. Bodybuilders discovered that some of these mixtures irritated the muscles and triggered side effects like muscle swelling.
Story from the 1970s
By the 1970s, many new anabolic steroids were developed and many Olympic athletes, professional sportsmen, and even high school athletes were routinely using them. Steroids were finally banned by the International Olympic Committee in 1975. While it was not proven that anabolic steroids were injurious to the body, it was recognized that these drugs gave the user an unfair advantage over his competitors.
Now the use of anabolic steroids is strictly banned among sportsmen, and it is monitored by various international agencies through drug tests. But in the bodybuilding world where the regulations are not so tight, they are still used.
Too much of a thing can cause more harm than good. So is the case with anabolic steroids. Steroid abuse can lead to a host of problems.